Plague Doctors: Who Were They?History
During the later medieval and early modern times, doctors did not represent themselves in one outfit. Because there were various beliefs about the spread of plague, their clothing and treatment methods had also changed. Care and prevention from the plague were provided by doctors, surgeons, apothecaries, herbalists, midwives, priests, and barbers.
In an era of having a constant medical crisis, they were able to determine the spread of plague and its symptoms, thus giving people hope at that time. Therefore, they deserve more acknowledgment since they took care of plagued people before antibiotics or the germ theory was introduced. These doctors also wrote plague treatises in the form of short books. This is to advise the public on how to prevent the plague.
When the Black Death outbreak was over, doctors and specialists tried to understand the disease further. Ancient physicians Hippocrates and Galen defined it in terms of yellow bile, black bile, phlegm, and blood. Some plague doctors believed that the accompanying fever of Black Death affected these body fluids and caused the lymph nodes to be swollen with pus and blood.
These doctors said that having plague could be prevented by strengthening the body and following a detailed medical regimen.